1982-1990 of release
+ 1.1. Controls and devices
+ 2. Technical characteristics
- 3. Engines
+ 3.1. Four-cylinder engines
- 3.2. Five-cylinder engines
3.2.1. Removal and engine installation
+ 3.2.2. Dismantling and engine assemblage
+ 3.3. The diesel engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. An exhaust system
+ 6. The power supply system
+ 7. Transmission
+ 8. A running gear
+ 9. A steering
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A body
+ 12. An electric equipment
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3.2. Five-cylinder engines
The five-cylinder engine
Five-cylinder рядный the engine is established in the car is longitudinal with an inclination to the right. The block of cylinders of the engine – pig-iron безгильзовый. The head of the block of cylinders is cast from an aluminium alloy. In a block head pressed saddles of valves and the directing plugs made of a special brass. In a block head the camshaft which is resulted in rotation by a gear belt from a cranked shaft is located. The same belt puts in action the water pump established on a left-hand side of the block of cylinders.
On the back end of a camshaft the gear wheel of a drive of the distributor of ignition is located. From a camshaft the fuel pump on carburettor engines is put in action also.
The cranked shaft steel shod, rotates on six bearings.
Pistons are cast from an aluminium alloy with steel inserts, on each piston two are established compression and one scraper rings.
The oil pump is established in a forward part of the block of cylinders and resulted in rotation from a cranked shaft. The oil filter полнопоточный, is established on the right side of the block of cylinders.
On engines of model WH the carburettor, engines of models KP, WС, KU, RT is established, NF are equipped by system of injection of fuel.